Contact Lenses

Contact lenses - General information

Contact lenses can be prescribed to anyone who requires corrective eyewear. There are two different types of contacts soft and rigid. Soft lenses are made from the newer silicone hydrogel material. Silicone material allow up to eight times more oxygen to pass through the lens, thus providing a healthier environment for the cornea. Rigid lenses are made from one of the many gas permeable materials. Gas permeable materials allow for increased oxygen transmission to the cornea and some have been approved for overnight wear. Soft and rigid contact lenses can be prescribed for patients with nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia ( the need for reading glasses).

With many years of combined expertise and a large selection of contact lenses, we can offer countless contact lens options. Regardless of your current success with glasses, there's bound to be a lens for you.

Contact lens types
Soft contact lenses Soft contact lenses are made from soft, flexible plastics that allow oxygen to pass through to the cornea. Soft contact lenses may be easier to adjust to and more comfortable than rigid gas permeable lenses. Newer soft lens materials include silicone hydrogels to provide more oxygen to your eye while you wear your lenses.

Rigid gas permeable lenses ( RGP) RGPs are more durable and resistant to deposit buildup. They tend to be less expensive over the life of the lens since they last longer than soft lenses. They are easier to handle and less likely to tear. However, they are not as comfortable initially as soft contacts and it may take a few weeks to get used to wearing RGPs, compared to a few days for soft lenses.

Extended wear contact lenses Extended wear contact lenses are available for overnight wear, ranging from six days to thirty days. Extended wear lenses are usually soft lenses. They are made from flexible plastics that allow oxygen to pass through the cornea. There are also a few gas permeable lenses that are designed and approved for overnight wear. Length of continuous wear depends on lens type and your eye care professional's evaluation of your tolerance for over night wear. To reduce the incidence of infections it is important for the eyes to have a rest without lenses for at least one day.

Disposable contact lenses Disposable contact lenses are now the most common type of contacts prescribed because of their convenience and health benefits. Depending on the brand, they're disposed daily or on a planned schedule of seven to thirty days. When the lenses are removed they should be cleaned and disinfected before they are reinserted. We provide a thorough evaluation to help determine the best wearing and replacement schedule for you.

Toric lenses Now people with astigmatism can also enjoy the freedom of contact lenses. Toric contact lenses are designed in a way that compensate for an irregularly shaped cornea. Toric contact lenses are weighted along the bottom to help keep the contact lens stable on the eye when you blink or look around. Toric lenses are made from the same material as regular or spherical contacts lenses, so they can be either soft or RGP.

Multifocal Finally there is an alternative to bifocal glasses. Available in either soft or RGP materials, bifocal contacts are used to correct presbyopia, a condition where the eye losses the ability to focus up close. Bifocal contact lenses work much like bifocal glasses. They have two powers on one lens, one to correct distance vision and the other to correct near vision.

Keratoconus Keratoconus is a disorder that results in the thinning of the cornea. The condition generally affects both eyes, but one eye tends to be more advanced than the other. In the beginning stages of keratoconus, patients may be able to achieve good vision with glasses or soft contact lenses. As the condition progresses, and corneal surface irregularities, increase, glasses and contact lenses may no longer be able to to provide acceptable vision. As a result, custom fitted gas permeable contact lenses may be necessary to restore optimal vision.

Contact lenses are not a cure for keratoconus. They simply provide the best means to improve vision. 10-20% of keratoconus cases may eventually need a corneal transplant. Corneal transplantation is usually considered only in cases where contact lenses can not be worn or do not provide adequate vision. The rate of corneal transplantation success for keratoconus is approximately 95%. In some cases our corneal specialist may recommend Intacts, an insertion of two clear crescent shaped plastic polymers into the front of the eye when contact lenses or glasses do not offer functional vision.

Contact lenses for post surgical and irregular corneas Ocular injury, infection, disease or surgery can leave the corneal surface irregular. As a result, the cornea may be unable to precisely refract light that is entering the eye. Patients who have these types of corneas will experience poor vision from the visual distortions that cannot be corrected with conventional eyeglasses or soft contact lenses. For years, our office has been helping these patients regain vision through the use of specialty designed contacts lenses. Custom designed gas permeable lenses help to mask the surface irregularities of the damaged cornea in a way that contacts and glasses can't. By designing gas permeable lenses with soft lenses, our doctors are trained to utilize the most advanced contact lens design to help improve vision while maintaining optimal corneal health. Each patient will be prescribed a lens that is healthy, comfortable and visually functional.

Contact Lens Evaluation

Your Contact Lens Evaluation Includes:
History and Medical/Visual Needs

   >> Patient visual needs analysis
   >> Prescription considerations
   >> Medical considerations/contraindications for wear
   >> Allergy evaluation for contact lens material

Contact Lens Fees: Explanation
Your total contact lens fees are determined by the complexity of your prescription and the type of lenses designed for your specific vision needs. The total fee is based on three components*:
   >> The examination services
   >> The design and follow-up services
   >> The contact lens materials
Contact Lens Fees: What You Should Know
Contact lenses are medical devices that can cause serious consequences, such as infection, inflammation, permanent damage and loss of vision if not fit and taken care of properly. Examining a contact lens patient takes additional time and expertise. For that reason, there are separate, additional charges for contact lens examinations that patients without contact lenses do not pay.

Contact Lenses: Safety
This resource for information regarding the proper use of and care for contact lenses has been developed by the American Optometric Association's Contact Lens and Cornea Section in cooperation with the American Academy of Optometry.

All Our Locations

Sight'n Style:
56 Graham Ave
Brooklyn, NY 11206-4067
Phone: 718-599-7474
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Visions Eyecare:
425 Chestnut Ridge Road
Woodcliff Lake, NJ 07677
*between Athleta and The Gap at Tice's Corner Shopping Center
Phone: 201-746-6700
Fax: 201-746-6699
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Madison Eyes
425 Madison Avenue
Suite 1501
New York, NY 10017
*between 48th and 49th
Phone: 212-230-1780
Fax: 212-838-6519
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Wyckoff Eyes
400 Franklin Avenue
Wyckoff, New Jersey 07481
*corner of Wyckoff and Franklin Avenues
Phone: 201-560-1000
Fax: 201-560-0573
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